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School of Law

Areas of Concentration

The world is increasingly complex. When it comes to the law, specialized knowledge can greatly enhance your success as a lawyer in this challenging yet rewarding marketplace.

You want to get—and keep—a competitive edge. The School of Law offers several academic concentrations that provide advanced training—it's just what you'll need to hit the ground running on the day you graduate, and well beyond.

Take a look at our concentrations. Each of these specializations has our faculty's seal of approval as the best way to complement and build on the school's rock-solid curriculum. In addition to taking specific core courses in your concentration, you may also work with faculty in developing legal scholarship in an area of your particular interest.

  • Business Law

    The faculty advisers for this concentration are Fred Brown, Cassandra Jones Havard and Barbara White.

    1. Required Courses:
    Business Organizations
    Federal Income Tax

    2. Choose one of the following:
    Commercial Law
    Sales and Leases

    3.  Choose three of the following, one of which must satisfy one of the upper-level writing requirements and one of which must be experiential (a particular course may satisfy both of these requirements):

    Advanced Business Organizations Seminar
    Advanced Legal Research
    Antitrust
    Attorney Practice Internship involving business law (approved by the Director of the Attorney Practice Internship)
    Banking Law Workshop
    Business Bankruptcy
    Business Planning Workshop
    Community Development Clinic
    International Business Transactions
    MSBA-UB Business Law Clerkship Fellow
    Securities and Exchange Commission Internship
    Securities Regulation
    Transactional Skills Workshop

    While not part of the concentrations requirements, the following courses are recommended for students wanting to specialize in business law:

    General:

    Administrative Law
    Bankruptcy and Creditor Remedies
    Cyberspace Law Seminar
    Electronic Evidence and Discovery Workshop
    Law and Economics
    Sports Law

    Tax:

    Corporate Taxation
    Partnership Taxation
    Tax Policy Seminar

    Specialized
    :
    Collective Bargaining Seminar
    Construction Law
    Employment Discrimination Law
    Employment Law
    Government Contracting Seminar
    International Finance
    Labor Law
    Opportunity Analysis
    Workers' Compensation

  • Criminal Practice

    The faculty advisers for this concentration are Donald Stone and Byron Warnken.

    1. Required Courses:
    Constitutional Criminal Procedure I
    Constitutional Criminal Procedure II

    2. Choose one of the following:
    Comparative Criminal Process
    Federal Criminal Practice
    Forensic Evidence
    International Criminal Law
    International Criminal Law: Courts, Crimes and Defenses
    Juvenile Justice
    Maryland Criminal Practice

    3.  Choose one of the following scholarly upper level writing courses:
    Capital Punishment and the Constitution Seminar
    Evidence Law Reform Seminar
    Issues in Law Enfocement Seminar
    Rights of Crime Victims Seminar
    Sentencing and Plea Bargaining Seminar
    Wrongful Convictions Seminar

    4. Choose one of the following skills courses/activities:
    Appellate Advocacy Workshop
    Bench Trial Advocacy
    Interviewing, Negotiating & Counseling
    Trial Advocacy
    Snyder Center Fellows Program

    5. Choose one of the following experiential courses:
    Appellate Practice Clinic
    Criminal Practice Clinic
    Attorney Practice Clinic involving criminal practice (approved by the Director of the Attorney Practice Internship in consultation with Criminal Practice Concentration advisers)
    Innocence Project Clinic I
    Innocence Project Clinic II

  • Estate Planning

    The faculty advisers for this concentration are Wendy Gerzog and Angela Vallario
     
    1. Required Courses:
    Federal Income Tax
    Trusts and Estates
    Estate and Gift Taxation
    Estate Planning Workshop or Estate Planning
    Attorney Practice Internship

    2. Choose one of the following:*
    Elder Law
    Income Taxation of Trusts and Estates
    Tax Exempt Organizations
    Advanced Legal Research involving an estate planning topic (approved by the Estate Planning Concentration advisers)
    Planning for Families and Seniors Workshop

    * Students taking Estate Planning, as opposed to Estate Planning Workshop, are required to take either Planning for Families and Seniors Workshop or Advanced Legal Research involving an estate planning topic, in order that they take one upper-level writing course in the Estate Planning area.  

    While not part of the concentrations requirements, the following courses are recommended for students wanting to specialize in Estate Planning:

    Corporate Taxation
    Interviewing, Negotiating and Counseling
    Partnership Taxation
    Executive Compensation
    Fundamentals of Federal Income Tax II
    Qualified Pension and Profit Sharing Plans
    S-Corporations
    Tax Exempt Organizations
    Tax Moot Court Team
    Tax Policy Seminar
    Tax Practice and Procedure

  • Family Law

    The faculty advisers for this concentration are Jane Murphy, Elizabeth Samuels, and Barbara Babb.

    1. Required Courses:
    Family Law

    It is recommended that students take Family Law first

    2.  Choose four of the following, one of which must be Juvenile Justice or Child and the Family, one of which must be experiential and one of which must satisfy one of the upper-level writing requirements (a particular course may satisfy both of these requirements):
    Adoption, Guardianship and Assisted Reproductive Technology Practice Workshop
    Advanced Legal Research involving a family law topic (approved by Family Law Concentration adviser)
    Center for Families, Children and the Courts Student Fellows Program I
    Children and the Constitution Seminar
    Elder Law
    Families, Law, and Literature
    Family Law Clinic I
    Family Law Moot Court Team
    Family Law Workshop
    Mediating Family Disputes: Theory and Practice Seminar
    Mediation Clinic for Families I

    While not part of the concentrations requirements, the following courses are recommended for students wanting to specialize in family law:

    Bench Trial Advocacy
    Center for Families, Children & the Courts Student Fellows Programs II
    Dispute Resolution Workshop
    Family Law Clinic II
    Federal Income Tax
    Gender and the Law Seminar
    Interviewing, Negotiating and Counseling
    Litigation Process
    Mediation Clinic for Families II
    Mediation Skills
    Planning for Families and Seniors Workshop
    Trial Advocacy
    Trusts and Estates

  • Intellectual Property

    The faculty advisers for this concentration are Professors Will Hubbard and Max Oppenheimer.

    1.  Required courses:
    Patents, Trademarks and Technology 
    Copyright and the Arts

    2. Choose three of the following, one of which must satisfy the scholarly upper-level writing requirement:
    Entertainment Law Workshop
    Media Law Seminar
    Any of the offerings titled IP Current Developments
    Patents, Trademark and Copyright Law Seminar
    Advanced Legal Research involving a intellectual property law topic (approved by Intellectual Property advisers)

    3. Choose one of the following experiential courses or activities:
    Attorney Practice Internship involving intellectual property law (approved by the Director of the Attorney Practice Internship American Intellectual Property Law Association Moot Court Team)
    Saul Lefkowitz Brand Names Foundation Moot Court Team
    Cardozo-BMI Entertainment and Communications Law Moot Court Team

    While not part of the concentrations requirements, the following courses are recommended for students wanting to specialize in Intellectual Property:

    Antitrust Law
    Cyberspace Law Seminar
    Communications Law
    Opportunity Analysis
    Sports Law

  • International & Comparative Law

    The faculty advisers for this concentration are Mortimer Sellers and Nienke Grossman.

    1. Required course:
    International Law

    2. Choose three of the following:
    Comparative Law
    Immigration Law
    International Business Transactions
    International Criminal Law: Courts, Crimes and Defenses
    One course offered in the Summer Abroad Program in Aberdeen, Scotland
    One course offered in the Summer Abroad Program in Haifa, Israel
    One course offered in the Winter Abroad Program in Curacao
    Conflict of Laws
    Foreign Taxation (GTP)
    IP Law Policy - National and International
    Law and Human Rights
    Maritime Law
    Special Topics (Aberdeen faculty)
    Special Topics (Haifa faculty)
    Other ABA-approved study abroad programs (only one course in any single program can be counted)
    Any course taken in a foreign law school for which UB grants credit toward the JD degree.
    Any course/activity listed in below in #3 or #4 that are not also being used to satisfy the requirements in #3 or #4

    3. Choose one of the following writing courses:
    Advanced Legal Research
    Advanced Topics in International and Comparative Law Seminar
    One Human Rights Seminar
    European Community Law Seminar
    International Environmental Law Seminar
    Military Law Seminar

    4. Choose one of the following experiential courses or activities:
    CICL Student Fellows Program
    Attorney Practice Internship involving public international law (approved by the Director of the Attorney Practice Jessup International Moot Court Team)
    International Environmental Moot Court Team
    International Human Rights Moot Court Team
    Immigrant Rights Clinic I

    5.  Public or Private International Law
    A student may elect a special concentrate in "public" or "private" international law by completing the required course (International Law), one of the writing courses listed under #3 above, one of the experiential courses or activities listed under #4 above, one of the required courses listed below, and an additional two courses in international or comparative law topics:

    A. Public International Law

    Required:  One Human Rights Seminar or Course. If a student takes a Human Rights Seminar, that seminar can also count for the writing requirement described in #3 above. In such case, the student would need to take three (instead of two) additional courses in international or comparative law topics as noted in #5 above.

    B. Private International Law
    Required: International Business Transactions

  • Litigation & Advocacy

    The faculty advisers for this concentration are José Anderson and Stephen Shapiro.

    1. Required courses:
    Evidence
    Trial Advocacy
    Litigation Process

    2. Choose one of the following
    Advanced Trial Advocacy
    Bench Trial Advocacy
    Discovery Practice and Procedure
    Federal Jurisdiction
    Forensic Evidence
    Interviewing, Negotiating, and Counseling
    Maryland Civil Procedure
    Maryland Criminal Practice
    Mediation Skills
    Remedies
    Medical Malpractice Litigation
    Maryland Administrative Law

    3. Choose one of the following upper level writing courses:
    Appellate Advocacy Workshop
    Dispute Resolution Workshop
    Electronic Evidence and Discovery Workshop
    Evidence Law Reform Seminar
    Supreme Court Seminar

    4. Choose one of the following experiential courses or activities:
    Appellate Practice Clinic
    Civil Advocacy Clinic I
    Disability Law Clinic
    Family Mediation Clinic
    Family Law Clinic I
    Immigrant Rights Clinic I
    Criminal Practice Clinic
    Snyder Center Student Fellows Program
    Center for Families, Children & the Courts Student Fellows Program I

    While not part of the concentrations requirements, the following courses are recommended for students wanting to specialize in litigation and advocacy:

    Administrative Law
    Collective Bargaining Seminar
    Conflict of Laws
    Environmental and Toxic Torts Seminar
    Mediating Family Disputes: Theory and Practice
    Federal Criminal Practice
    Any Inter-school Advocacy Team

  • Public Service

    The faculty adviser for this concentration is Michele Gilman.

    1. Required course:
    Administrative Law

    Complete the additional requirements under one of the subspecialties below:

    A. Public Interest Law and Individual Rights Subspecialty

    2. Choose one of the following core courses:
    Constitutional Litigation
    Federal Jurisdiction

    3. Choose one of the following:
    Civil Liberties Seminar
    Law and Social Reform Seminar
    Race and the Law Seminar
    Gender and Law Seminar
    Contemporary Legal Issues: Perspectives on Sexual Orientation and the Law Seminar
    Capital Punishment and the Constitution Seminar

    4. Choose one of the following specialized courses:
    Elder Law
    Election Law Seminar
    Electronic Evidence and Discovery Workshop
    Employment Discrimination Law
    Juvenile Justice
    Law and Disabilities Seminar
    Law and Human Rights
    Bankruptcy and Creditor Remedies
    Consumer Law
    Health Care Law

    5. Choose one of the following experiential courses:
    Civil Advocacy Clinic
    Family Law Clinic
    Community Development Clinic
    Immigrant Rights Clinic
    Innocence Project Clinic
    Disability Law Clinic
    Family Mediation Clinic
    Attorney Practice Internship in public interest law that is approved by the Director of the Attorney Practice Internship

    B. Government Service and Regulatory Institutions Subspecialty

    2. Choose one of the following core courses:
    Federal Jurisdiction
    Legislation

    3. Choose one of the following:
    Government Contracting Seminar (upper-level writing)
    Local Economic Development Seminar (upper-level writing)
    Legislation Workshop (upper-level writing)
    Maryland Administrative Law

    4. Choose one of the following specialized courses:
    Antitrust
    Banking Law
    Communications Law
    Election Law Seminar (upper-level writing)
    Electronic Evidence and Discovery Workshop
    Employment Law
    Environmental Law
    Federal Income Tax
    Health Care Law
    Immigration Law
    Insurance Law
    Labor Law
    Land Use
    Law and Education
    Military Law Seminar (upper-level writing)

    NOTE: At least one of the courses from categories 3 and 4 must satisfy one of the upper level writing requirements.

    Students are encouraged to further specialize in the substantive law of a regulatory practice area after taking an introductory course from category 4.

    5. Choose one of the following experiential courses:
    Immigrant Rights Clinic
    Civil Advocacy Clinic
    Community Development Clinic
    Attorney Practice Internship with a governmental organization that is approved by the Director of the Attorney Practice Internship

     

  • Real Estate Practice

    1. Required courses:
    Land Use
    Real Estate Finance

    2. Choose two of the following courses:
    Administrative Law or Maryland Administrative Law
    Advanced Real Estate Taxation
    Bankruptcy and Creditor Remedies
    Business Bankruptcy
    Business Organizations
    Construction Law
    Environmental Law
    Federal Income Taxation

    3. Choose one of the following courses that satisfy either the scholarly upper-level writing requirement or the workshop upper-level writing requirement:
    Coastal Law Seminar
    Commercial Real Estate Workshop
    Community Development Clinic I
    Residential Real Estate Workshop
    Environmental and Toxic Torts Seminar
    Local Economic Development Seminar

     4. Choose one of the following experiential courses or activities:
    Attorney Practice Internship involving real estate law (approved by the Director of the Attorney Practice Internship Community Development Clinic I)
    Community Development Clinic II
    Any Environmental Law Moot Court Team
    University of Baltimore Journal of Land and Development editorial board membership

    NOTE: Students receiving credit for the Community Development Clinic will satisfy the requirements of both categories 3 and 4.